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Đề thi thử THPTQG môn Tiếng Anh – THPT chuyên Nguyễn Chí Thanh năm 2015

Bởi tuyensinh247 lúc 3:05 - 28/05/2015

TRƯỜNG THPT CHUYÊN NGUYỄN CHÍ THANH

 

ĐỀ THI THỬ ĐẠI HỌC 2015

MÔN THI: TIẾNG ANH

Thời gian làm bài: 90 phút; (69 câu)

 

Choose the words or phrases that are not correct in the standard English, from 1 to 5

 

Câu 1:  Before television became popular, people used to entertain each other in the evening

A                                           B               C

by playing games, and saying stories.

D

 

Câu 2:  Since when did you work for that construction company?

A             B           C                D

 

Câu 3:  Jane’s apartment is very different Bob’s even though they are in the same building.

A                         B         C                                                                D

 

Câu 4:  The price of gold depends on several factor, including supply and demand in relation to

A                         B                           C                                                            D

the value of the dollar.

 

Câu 5:  The government raises money to operate by tax cigarettes, liquor, gasoline, tires, and

A                        B              C

telephone calls.

D

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the word(s) CLOZEST in the meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions, from 6 to 10

 

Câu 6:  He was asked to account for his presence at the scene of the crime.

A. complain                     B. exchange                     C. explain                        D. arrange

Câu 7:  Married couples can get a divorce if they find they are not compatible.

A. able to budget the money                                   B. capable of having children

C. capable of living harmoniously                           D. able to share an apartment or a house

Câu 8:  When I was crossing the street, I caught sight of an old friend of mine in a restaurant.

A. waved                         B. saw                              C. looked                         D. watched

Câu 9:  Although we argued with him for a long time, he stood his ground.

A. changed his decision                                           B. refused to change his decision

C. felt sorry for us                                                   D. wanted to continue

Câu 10:  Be careful! The tree is going to fall.

A. Look out                     B. Look up                      C. Look on                      D. Look after

 

Choose a word having the underlined part pronounced differently from the rest, (from 11 to 12)

 

Câu 11:     A. liked                       B. needed                    C. picked                    D. jumped

Câu 12:     A. police                      B. protect                    C. alone                       D. today

 

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions, from 13 to 35

 

Câu 13:  A stranger: “How far is the post office?” _______.”

           Jane: “_____________________”

A. It’s quite slow, I think                                         B. It is being constructed

C. It’s quite old                                                        D. You’d better call a taxi

Câu 14:  Peter: “The test result will be released at 9 am tomorrow!”

           David:  “Will it?  _______”

A. Can I wait for it?        B. I can’t wait!                 C. Yes, please.                 D. Could it wait?

Câu 15:  Only by working hard _______ your goal.

A. you can achieve                                                  B. will help you achieve

C. can you achieve                                                  D. you will achieve

Câu 16:  I _______ it hard to trust the people who have lied to me.

A. feel                              B. seem                            C. make                           D. find

Câu 17:  Human carelessness has been _______ damaging marine life.

A. accused of                  B. prevented                    C. said to                         D. warned against

Câu 18:  Mary didn’t talk _______ she reached the age of 4.

A. for                               B. until                             C. since                            D. once

Câu 19:  You don’t have to hurry. We still have _______ time

A. plenty of                     B. lot                                C. little                            D. a wide range of

Câu 20:  You should unplug the washing machine before removing its contents; _______ it may hurt your gingers.

A. otherwise                    B. but                               C. although                      D. so

Câu 21:  It is critical that the researcher _______ everything clearly to the participants before asking them to complete the questionnaire.

A. must explain               B. explains                       C. explain                        D. is explained

Câu 22:  It is not polite _______ a party without thanking the host.

A. leave                           B. leaving                        C. to leave                       D. a leave

Câu 23:           _______ every candidate has their own strong points.

A. Much                          B. Many                           C. Most                           D. Almost

Câu 24:  _______ has Bob left without saying goodbye to everybody in the house.

A. Never                          B. Only is                        C. Often                          D. Just

Câu 25:  He was very disappointed _______ his application for the job was turned down.

A. how                             B. when                           C. before                         D. while

Câu 26:  When the manager announced the competition, _____ of the staff decided to enter it.

A. two thirds                   B. two three                     C. second three               D. seconds third

Câu 27:  You’d better not leave home _______ a raincoat. It is going to rain.

A. not with                      B. for                               C. with                            D. without

Câu 28:  Once you know _____ a computer, you will be able to work as a secretary.

A. to use                          B. the use of                    C. use                              D. how to use

Câu 29:  He wasn’t noticed by _________ as he crept off the boat.

A. no one                         B. none                            C. anyone                        D. someone

Câu 30:  If you need any _______. do let me know.

A. assistant                      B. assist                           C. assistance                    D. assisting

Câu 31:  What my grandfather said 10 years ago about my future career _______ be true.

A. turned down to           B. turning in to                C. turned out to               D. turned up

Câu 32:  My two brothers have each got two sons, so I’ve got four _________ altogether.

A. nieces                          B. cousins                        C. nephews                     D. relatives

Câu 33:  In many families the important decisions are _________ by women.

A. done                            B. arrived                         C. made                           D. given

Câu 34:  We shouldn’t give the children everything they ask for: they will become completely _______

A. wounded                    B. damaged                     C. destroyed                    D. spoilt

Câu 35:  We _________ lots of photos when we went to Singapore last year.

A. made                           B. took                             C. did                              D. caught

 

Choose A,B,C,or  D to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of the main stress in each of the following questions, (from 36 to 38)

 

Câu 36:     A. contain                   B. curtain                    C. enclose                   D. remember

Câu 37:     A. disappear                B. education                C. attachment             D. engineer

Câu 38:     A. consume                 B. reflect                     C. local                        D. between

 

Read the following passage and then choose the best answer to the question by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C or D, from 39 to 48.

       The goal of Internet-based encyclopedia Wikipedia (www.wikipedia.org) is to give everyone on the planet free access to information. Like other encyclopedias, Wikipedia contains lots of information: more than 2.5 million articles in 200 different languages covering just about every subject. Unlike other encyclopedias, however, Wikipedia is not written by experts, but by ordinary people. These writers are not paid and their names are not published. They contribute to Wikipedia simply because they want to share their knowledge.

Encyclopedias began in ancient times as collections of writings about all aspects of human knowledge. The word itself comes from ancient Greek, and means “a complete general education.” Real popularity for encyclopedias came in the nineteenth century in Europe and the United States, with the publication of encyclopedias written for ordinary readers. With the invention of the CD-ROM, the same amount of information could be put on a few computer discs. Then with the Internet, it became possible to create an online encyclopedia that could be constantly updated, like Microsoft’s Encarta. However, even Internet-based encyclopedias like Encarta were written by paid experts. At first, Wikipedia, the brainchild of Jimmy Wales, a businessman in Chicago, was not so different from these. In 2001, he had the idea for an Internet-based encyclopedia that would provide information quickly and easily to everyone. Furthermore, that information would be available free, unlike other Internet encyclopedias at the time.

But Wales, like everyone else, believed that people with special knowledge were needed to write the articles, and so he began by hiring experts. He soon changed his approach, however, as it took them a long time to finish their work. He decided to open up the encyclopedia in a radical new way, so that everyone would have access not only to the information, but also to the process of putting this information online. To do this, he used what is known as “Wiki” software (from the Hawaiian word for “fast”), which allows users to create or alter content on a web page. The system is very simple: When you open the web site, you can simply search for information or you can log on to become a writer or editor of articles. If you find an article that interests you-about your hometown, for example-you can correct it or expand it. This process goes on until no one is interested in making any more changes.

 

Câu 39:  Wikipedia is a(n) _______.

A. article                          B. dictionary                    C. book                            D. journal

Câu 40:  Wikipedia is written by _______.

A. world experts              B. millionaires                  C. paid writers                 D. normal people

Câu 41:  The phrase these writers in line six of the first paragraph refers to _______.

A. ordinary readers                                                  B. ordinary people

C. encyclopedia experts                                          D. every subject

Câu 42:  The phrase the word in line two of the second paragraph refers to _______.

A. encyclopedia               B. collection                    C. writing                        D. knowledge

Câu 43:  Microsoft’s Encarta is cited in the passage as an example of _______.

A. CD-ROM dictionary                                          B. unupdateable online encyclopedia

C. printed encyclopedia                                          D. online encyclopedia

Câu 44:  The word brainchild in line 9 of the second paragraph of the passage can be best replaced by _______.

A. born                            B. father                          C. product                       D. child

Câu 45:  The word approach in line three of the third paragraph of the passage means _______.

A. method                       B. writing                        C. idea                             D. time

Câu 46:  The user of Wikipedia can do all of the following EXCEPT _______.

A. determinate the website                                      B. edit information

C. modify information                                            D. have access to information

Câu 47:  We can say that Jimmy Wales _______ .

A. made a great profit from Wikipedia

B. is the father of Wikipedia

C. became very famous after the formation of Wikipedia

D. decides who can use Wikipedia

Câu 48:  Wiki software enables _______.

A. a purchase of information                                   B. editing

C. exchanging articles                                             D. limited access

 

Choose the right word or phrase marked (A, B, C, D) that best fits the blanks in the following passage, from 49 to 58.

Symbols

Reality for human beings is not action or feeling but meaning. Humans are symbolic creatures; a symbol is anything (49) _______ carries a particular meaning recognized by the people who share culture. A whistle, a wall of graffiti, a flashing red light, a fist raised in the air – all serve (50) _______ symbols. We see the human capacity to create and manipulate symbols in the various ways a simple wink of the eye can convey interest, (51) _______, or insult.

       We are so dependent on our culture’s symbols that we (52) _______  them for granted. Often, however, we gain a heightened sense of the importance of a symbol when someone uses it in an (53) _______ way, say when a person in a political demonstration bums a U.S. flag. Entering an unfamiliar culture also reminds us of the power of symbols; culture shock is nothing more than the inability to “read” meaning in one’s surroundings. We feel lost, unsure of (54) _______, and sometimes frightened – a consequence of slipping outside the symbolic web of culture.

       Culture shock is both what travelers experience (55) _______ what they inflict on others by acting in ways that may offend them. For example, because North Americans (56) _______ dogs to be beloved household pets, travelers to the People’s Republic of China might well be appalled to discover people roasting dogs as a wintertime meal. (57) _______, a North American who orders a hamburger in India causes offense to Hindus, who hold cows to be sacred and thus unfit for human (58) _______.

 

Câu 49:     A. where                     B. that                         C. as                            D. when

Câu 50:     A. to                            B. for                           C. in order to              D. as

Câu 51:     A. understanding        B. know                      C. to understand         D. understand

Câu 52:     A. have                        B. know                      C. take                        D. possess

Câu 53:     A. conservative           B. traditional               C. conventional           D. unusual

Câu 54:     A. to act                      B. how to act              C. action                     D. acting

Câu 55:     A. but                          B. and                         C. neither                    D. or

Câu 56:     A. consider                  B. make                       C. let                           D. use

Câu 57:     A. On the other hand  B. However                 C. Therefore                D. At the same time

Câu 58:     A. flesh                       B. eat                           C. experience              D. consumption

 

Read the following passage and then choose the best answer to the question by circling the corresponding letter A, B, C or D, from 59 to 68

       No one can calculate the quantity of solid waste that has been dumped in the world’s oceans, but the total certainly exceeds many millions of tons. For example, from 1880 to 1895, 75 percent of the solid waste from New York City was dumped untreated into the Atlantic Ocean. Although it is now prohibited by law, the dumping of solid waste, including wastewater sludge, industrial waste, and high-level radioactive waste were common in the United States until 1970. Cruise ships and huge floating fishing factories still regularly dispose of their solid waste products directly into the ocean.

The earth naturally recycles water and refreshes the land in what is called the hydrological cycle. The hydrological cycle not only renews the supply of water, but cleans it as well. The process begins as heat from the sun causes sea water, 97 percent of the earth’s total water reserve, to evaporate and form clouds. Because water evaporates at lower temperatures than most pollutants, the water vapor that rises from the seas is relatively pure and free of the contaminants, which are left behind. Next, water returns to earth as rain, which drains into streams and rivers and rushes toward the sea.

Chemicals, petroleum products, and other dangerous substances such as radioactive materials remain in the ocean, polluting it permanently. The polluted ocean water kills fish or makes them dangerous to eat, posing health problems for those who consume them. It kills the tiny sea creatures that are the source of food for larger fish, sharks, and whales. It also spoils a source of great beauty and pleasure when some solid waste is thrown onto beaches during storms. Discharged petroleum products are frequently found on beaches and they not only ruin the beach, the petroleum residue kills hundreds of shore birds.

Nonpoint pollutants are dumped into lakes, rivers, and streams that may be far away from any ocean. However, these pollutants flow, eventually, into the oceans. They can come from a variety of sources, from road salt to agricultural pesticides. One source of nonpoint pollution is runoff from farming, including fertilizers, manure, and pesticides. Another source is industrial runoff, including heavy metals, phosphorous, and many other chemicals. Urban runoff (oils, salts, various chemicals) and atmospheric fallout of airborne pollution are other sources of nonpoint pollutants that reach the oceans. This includes water and waste from sinks, toilets, washing machines, and bathtubs. The problem with this type of waste is that it provides massive amounts of nutrients for water plants, such as algae, so that they grow rapidly. This sudden growth causes concentrations or algae blooms, which use up the oxygen in the water. As the oxygen levels of the water decline, many organisms suffer and die, and the ocean ecosystem is radically altered. This can be prevented by the installation of waste treatment plants that prevent waste from entering the sea, but such facilities do not exist in many poorer countries.

 

Câu 59:   What can be inferred about the waste dumped in the world’s oceans?

A. It is primarily industrial waste.                           B. It is billions of tons

C. It’s mainly household waste.                              D. Much of it was not treated.

Câu 60:   As can inferred from the passage, which of the following was NOT disposed into the ocean?

A. waste from cruise ships                                       B. wastewater sludge

C. radioactive waste                                                D. waste from dead plants

Câu 61:   Which of the following is NOT referred to as the use of the hydrological cycle?

A. renewing the water supply                                  B. refreshing the land

C. separating water from used liquid                      D. cleaning water

Câu 62:   Which of the following has similar meaning to the word “contaminants” in line 8 of the second paragraph?

A. vapor                           B. sea water                     C. rushes                          D. pollutants

Câu 63:   What does the word “which” in line 7 of the second paragraph refer to?

A. sea water                     B. the earth                      C. water vaporizer           D. rain water

Câu 64:   Why are chemicals, petroleum products and radioactive materials mentioned in the passage?

A. as raw sewage                                                     B. as dangerous pollutants

C. as untreated waste                                              D. as industrial substances

Câu 65:   Which of the following is NOT referred to as a result of polluted ocean water?

A. harming people who eat seafood                        B. spoiling beach beauty

C. killing fish                                                           D. killing shore birds

Câu 66:   Which of the following is NOT an example of fam1ing runoff?

A. road salt                      B. fertilizer                      C. pesticide                     D. manure

Câu 67:   Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

A. The environment of industrial countries is more polluted than that of agricultural countries.

B. Developing countries do not need waste treatment plants yet.

C. It is expensive to build waste treatment plants.

D. The environment of developed countries is more polluted than that of poor countries.

Câu 68:   Where is the passage most probably found?

A. in a bibliography                                                 B. in a social science report

C. in a tourism book                                                D. in a geography book

 

WRITING

Part1: Finish each of the following sentences in such a way that it means the same as the sentence printed before it, from 69 to 73

Câu 69:  “Don’t forget to water the flowers for me, Tom.”

    Mother reminded ………………………………………………………………………….

Câu 70:   It is only a fifteen-minute drive from the airport to the city centre.

    It takes ………………………………………………………………………..……………

Câu 71:  This book is very interesting to me.

    I am …………………………………………………………………………………………

Câu 72:   Whose clothes are these?

    Who do……………………………………………………………………………………..?

Câu 73:   She hasn’t gone to a dance since January.

    The last …………………………………….………………………………………………

 Part 2: In about 140 words, write a paragraph about the school where you are studying.

 

 

Nguồn: Dethi.violet

 

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